Russian Emperor Nicholas II's abdication on the night of 3 March 1917. In the tsar's railway carriage: Minster of the Royal COurt Vladimir Borisovich Frederiks, General Nikolai Vladimirovich Ruzsky, State Duma deputies Vasily Vitalyevich Shulgin and Alexander Ivanovich Guchkov, Emperor Nicholas II. The State History Museum, Moscow.
The Provisional Committee of the Fourth State Duma was established by the Council of Duma Elders on orders from a private conference of its members in Petrograd on February 27 [March 12], 1917 after the victory of the February bourgeois-democratic revolution in Russia. Front row [siitting]: G. Y. Lvov, V. A. Rzhevsky, S. I. Shidlovsky and M. V. Rodzyanko. Second row [standing]: V. V. Shulgin, I. I. Dmitryukov, B. A. Engelgardt, A. F. Kerensky and M. A. Karaulov.
Residents of Petrograd at a meeting on Nevski Prospekt in 1917 February during February bourgeois-democratic revolution. Residents of Pietrograd demonstrating outside the State Duma with slogans Long Live All-People Socialist Revolution during February bourgeois-democratic revolution. 1917 photo reproduction.